Tribes of India: culture and tradition

All the indigenous tribes of India are known as Adivasi, a term that is generally applied to all tribes in India, as opposed to castes. This term means original inhabitants and they constitute the group of aboriginal people of India.

More than three hundred Adivasi groups officially belong to the tribes of India since the 1950s and make up 7% of the total population, making it the country with the highest concentration of indigenous peoples in the world.

Main tribes

Legally, the constitution of India has 645 official tribes. These correspond to the cataloged tribes or recognized tribes, among them are those described below.

Andhra Pradesh

This state of India is located in the southeast of the country and is home to the Andh and Raghu tribes; bagata; bhil; chenchu; gadabas; gond naikpod; goudu; hill reddis; jatapus; kammara; kattunayakan; kondhs; ronia; savaras; thoti; yenadis and yerkulas.

Some of these tribes come from the Dravidian ethnic group of central India and are farmers, others live in the mountainous areas and their traditional way of life is hunting and gathering.


It is located in northwestern India and is made up of the Chakma tribes; dimasse; garolo; hmar; khasi; various Kuki tribes; hajong; lakher; mizo; mikir; naga; pawi; bodo; deori; lalung; mising and rabha.

A part of these tribes have as their ancestors the worldly population of India, who were the first inhabitants of the area before the Dravidian invasions.


This state is located in the north central region of India and there are the Asur tribes; baiga; banjara; birhor; chik baraik; gond; karmali; kharia; khond; kisan; kora; korwa; mahli; worldly; they prayed; santal and sauria paharia.

Some of these tribes belong to the Dravidian ethnic group of central India, who are traditionally farmers.


It is located in the southwest of the country and there are the Barda tribes; bharwad; several bhil; charan; dhanka; dhodia; gamit; gond; koli; kundi; rabari; siddi and varli. These are very traditional tribes of India, practicing the most indigenous religions of this country.


It is a state located in the north of the country and there are the Gaddi and Chippi tribes. This is a tribe that worships Lord Shiva, they are famous for the traditional drink that they prepare this deity.


This state is located in the southwest of the country and in it you can find the barda tribes; several of the bhils; chenchu; gamit; gond; irular; jenu kuruba; kadu kuruba; kammara; kanivan; kathodi; kattunayakan; konda; koya; kudiya; kuruba; maratha; marati; meda; siddi; all; valmiki and varli.

Many of these tribes live in mountainous areas, on which they depend for their living, since they do not practice agriculture.


It is located in the extreme south of the country and includes the Irular tribes; kadar; kammara; kattunayuakan; konda; kota; kudiya; mudugar; muduvan; paliyan and ulladan. Several of these tribes come from the Tamil ethnic group, having their own religion and their particular customs.

Madhya pradesh

It is a state located in the center of the country, in which the andh tribes are found; baiga; bharia; bhil; agariya; bhunjia; gadaba; various Gond tribes; kawar; kharia; kol; kolam; korku; kori; manjhi; majhwar; meena; worldly; they prayed; panika; pao; various pardhi and sahariya. Some of these tribes are followers of the Shaktism sect and have Kuldevis.


Located in the west central area of ‚Äč‚ÄčIndia, this state has the tribes andh; baiga; fence; baki; various bhil; bhunjia; dhanka; dhanwar; dhodia and many gond. Many of these tribes are descendants of the Dravidian ethnic group.

Each one of these tribes represents an important part of Indian culture and their descendants have marked the history of an ethnic group rich in traditions.